A simple example

synoptReg provides three functions to easily apply the automatic version of the Lamb classification, also known as Jenkinson and Collison.

The first step is to read mean sea level pressure data and then get the 16 coordinate points to compute the classification. get_lamb_points allows to compute theses points and plot_lamb_scheme to visualize them.

library(synoptReg)
library(tidyverse)
data(mslp)

mslp$value <- mslp$value/100 # Important: mslp in hPa.
points <- get_lamb_points(10,45) #centroid used for the 16-points grid computation
points
#>    lat lon label
#> 1   50  25    P6
#> 2   45  25   P10
#> 3   40  25   P14
#> 4   55  15    P2
#> 5   50  15    P5
#> 6   45  15    P9
#> 7   40  15   P13
#> 8   35  15   P16
#> 9   55   5    P1
#> 10  50   5    P4
#> 11  45   5    P8
#> 12  40   5   P12
#> 13  35   5   P15
#> 14  50  -5    P3
#> 15  45  -5    P7
#> 16  40  -5   P11
plot_lamb_scheme(points) # plot lamb scheme

Once we computed these 16 points, we can use the lamb_clas function to perform the classification. The user can define if the undefined type (U) is desired (Jones et al., 1996) or not (Trigo and Dacamara, 2000). thr argument allows to select the threshold you want for total shear vorticity and total flow, to tune the frequency of the ā€œUā€ type.

clas <- lamb_clas(points, mslp,U = T,thr = c(4.8,4.2)) # default c(6,6)
clas
#> $clas
#> # A tibble: 1,096 x 2
#>    time       WT   
#>    <date>     <chr>
#>  1 2000-01-01 A    
#>  2 2000-01-02 A    
#>  3 2000-01-03 A    
#>  4 2000-01-04 ANW  
#>  5 2000-01-05 A    
#>  6 2000-01-06 A    
#>  7 2000-01-07 A    
#>  8 2000-01-08 A    
#>  9 2000-01-09 C    
#> 10 2000-01-10 E    
#> # ... with 1,086 more rows
#> 
#> $grid_clas
#> # A tibble: 5,967 x 4
#>      lon   lat WT    mean_WT_value
#>    <dbl> <dbl> <chr>         <dbl>
#>  1   -10    30 A             1018.
#>  2   -10    30 AE            1016.
#>  3   -10    30 AN            1018.
#>  4   -10    30 ANE           1017.
#>  5   -10    30 ANW           1019.
#>  6   -10    30 AS            1012.
#>  7   -10    30 ASE           1017.
#>  8   -10    30 ASW           1020.
#>  9   -10    30 AW            1021.
#> 10   -10    30 C             1017.
#> # ... with 5,957 more rows

Plot the synoptic maps is quite easy using ggplot2:

library(rnaturalearth)
library(metR)

borders <- ne_countries(continent = c("europe","africa"),
                        returnclass = "sf",scale = 50)

# Plotting only cyclonic weather types, including the U type

ggplot()+
  geom_contour_fill(filter(clas$grid_clas, str_detect(WT, 'A|U')), 
              mapping = aes(lon,lat,z = mean_WT_value),bins = 15)+
  geom_sf(data = borders, fill = "transparent")+
  geom_contour2(filter(clas$grid_clas, str_detect(WT, 'A|U')), 
                mapping = aes(lon,lat,z = mean_WT_value), 
                binwidth = 4, color = "black") +
  geom_text_contour(filter(clas$grid_clas, str_detect(WT, 'A|U')), 
                    mapping = aes(lon,lat,z = mean_WT_value), 
                    stroke = 0.15,binwidth = 4, size = 2, check_overlap = T) +
  guides(fill = guide_colourbar(barwidth = 9, barheight = 0.5))+
  facet_wrap(~WT, ncol = 5) +
  scale_fill_gradientn(colors =  pals::coolwarm(100), name = "hPa") +
  scale_x_continuous(limits = c(min(mslp$lon),max(mslp$lon)), expand = c(0,0))+
  scale_y_continuous(limits = c(min(mslp$lat),max(mslp$lat)), expand = c(0,0))+
  ggthemes::theme_hc() + theme(axis.title = element_blank(),
                     axis.text = element_blank(),
                     axis.ticks = element_blank(),
                     legend.position = "bottom",
                     axis.title.x=  element_blank(),
                     axis.title.y=  element_blank(),
                     strip.background = element_blank())

References

  • Trigo, R.M.; DaCamara, C.C. Circulation weather types and their influence on the precipitation regime in Portugal. Int. J. Climatol. 2000, 20, 1559ā€“1581, doi:10.1002/1097-0088(20001115)20:13<1559::AID-JOC555>3.0.CO;2-5.

  • Jones, P.D., Hulme, M. and Briffa, K.R., 1993: A comparison of Lamb circulation types with an objective classification scheme. Int. J. Climatol. 13, 655-663.